The Black Ash has a tall trunk with a fairly uniform diameter up to the branches. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Other woods are stronger, but it has the best strength to weight ratio, and since most players do not want a bat greater than 32 oz. It grows in much of southeastern Canada, the Great Lakes Region, and the northeastern-most states. Trees and Shrubs Ashes Hickories Walnuts: Range map for Black Ash (Fraxinus nigra) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Even its light weight (31 lbs/ft 3 average) closely matches the density of Black Ash (34 lbs/ft 3 average). The insects are responsible for the deaths of hundreds of millions of ash trees across the United States and Canada. It has great shock resistance, and solid workability. Fraxinus nigra. White ash is rated at 1,320 and green ash at 1,200. A large, old growth tree could be worth a million dollars, but the last of these was probably cut down more than 50 years ago. The name ash comes from the word spear, which could be a reference to its spear-shaped leaves or the fact that ancient peoples used the tree to make weaponry. The Maine DACF Horticulture Program and Forest Health and Monitoring Division urge tree and shrub sellers to stop selling any Fraxinus species (white, green, black/brown ash) or Chionanthus (white fringe tree). The soft, ash-gray bark is fissured into scaly plates, which easily can be reduced to powder by rubbing. Wood-Boring Beetles in Ash Trees. A few other trees (like mountain ash and prickly ash) look similar to ash. Black Ash is the tree of choice for pounding of traditional Native American basketry. Native to the northern wetlands, the black ash shares its soggy habitat with other water-loving trees, such as tamarack and black spruce. Ash is a hardwood which means it will burn hotter and will provide the most heat for the weight. A fierce competitor, the tree sucks up water and nutrients at a rate that, over the long run, other trees can't match. Ash trees (Fraxinus spp. It can be easy to mistake an Ash tree for Black Walnut, Maple, Boxelder, Hickory or Dogwood trees. Black Ash has a reddish color to the wood. he beetles’ larvae bore into a tree and feed on the inner bark, eventually killing the entire tree. Ashes lack these conspicuous rays. Ash Tree Symbolism. Harold This is essential for basket making and often referred to as the basket maker’s tree. Where I live, black ash is available and makes a very nice fire but birch is far and away the most popular firewood because it is easier to manage than ash. It’s not quite as strong or dense as the related White Ash (Fraxinus americana); this is most likely due to its slower growth rate, which causes a higher proportion of weaker earlywood sections. They are not true ash trees, however, and fall in a different genus. The foliage of ash trees is easily identifiable, with green ash (top) and black ash (bottom) is about the same (photo courtesy of Keith Kanoti, Maine Forest Service, Bugwood.org) Personally, I find ash to be a wonderful lumber to work with. This is referred to as “figured wood.” For this reason, you’ll sometimes see curly or birdseye grain, among others. The White ash tree is the largest of the ash tree family. When viewed from the face grain, the wood bears a strong resemblance to Black Ash, closely matching its color and grain pattern. It's this band that cleanly cleaves from the latewood, providing the thin, tough, and durable strips that craftsmen turn into baskets, woven chair seats, and once upon a time, the hoops that held together the staves of wooden barrels. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. I have my own mI’ll and just cut a fresh black ash tree if you want a specific size let me know I can get it. Other common names, swamp ash, basket ash, brown ash, hoop ash, and water ash, indicate some of its characteristics and uses. Ash Tree Disease: Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) The emerald ash borer is a metallic green wood boring beetle which is about 1 to 1.5 cm in length. Comments: The emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis), believed to have been inadvertently introduced from Asia sometime in the 1990s, was first detected in Michigan in 2002. Bark close textured, dark grey, with interlacing furrows; twigs smooth, grey, with pale lenticels. Examine the texture of the tree's trunk. African Black Ebony is the most valuable wood in the world. The safest and surest means by which the moisture evaporates is simply to let the wood sit and let nature carry on. For more related content, subscribe to our newsletter! Learn More. White ash is rated at 1,320 and green ash at 1,200. Depending on its location, the black ash will reach heights of 12 to 20 meters with a girth up to 50 centimeters. Density of Wood - density is the amount of space a volume or mass of firewood occupies. Grain/Texture: Has a medium to coarse texture similar to oak. But if planted, they will grow elsewhere. Ash wood almost always has a straight grain, though the conditions the tree grows in will occasionally create unique patterns. White ash and black ash both have gray, smooth bark when young, but diverge in appearance as they age. The black ash has a lifespan of up to a century and does not tolerate shade. Black Locust. Minnesota is a good source if you look on craigslist. BostonBull Addicted to ArboristSite. Avoid using wet wood and always use the dead tree if possible. Although most of them are deciduous, some of them are evergreen. It’s not quite as strong or dense as the related White Ash (Fraxinus americana); this is most likely due to its slower growth rate, which causes a higher proportion of weaker earlywood sections. Green Ash and Black Ash trees are preferentially attacked by the insects, followed by White Ash and Blue Ash. Ash look-alikes. The tree. The Black Ash is a tree of wet places. Processing wood into fine weaving materials is a time consuming endeavor. Oleaceae -- Olive family. All Rights Reserved. The closer ring spacing can also be used to distinguish Black Ash from White Ash. firstname.lastname@example.org. It is a hardy tree resistant to many diseases, but has been recently attacked by the Emerald Ash Bore… Emerald ash borer has threatened many of them. Responds well to steam bending. Black ash (Fraxinus nigra), a slow-growing tree of northern swampy woodlands, is the only ash native to Newfoundland. It burns clean with no smoke and it throws few sparks. You will need to compare several plant characteristics, including the leaves, branches and seeds, to confidently identify an Ash tree. ), with their high, conical or oval canopies and relatively nonaggressive root systems are a good choice streetside or in large yards. A fierce competitor, the tree sucks up water and nutrients at a rate that, over the long run, other trees can't match. They can grow into tall shade trees. The Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis), is a destructive exotic pest from Asia that is killing many of our Ohio Ash trees. Minnesota has more Ash trees than any other state, with nearly one million acres of Black Ash, mostly in the central and northeastern part of the state, where lowland forest types are abundant. The insects are responsible for the deaths of hundreds of millions of ash trees across the United States and Canada. The Black Ash is a tree of wet places. Ash trees (Fraxinus spp. Calculating the value of trees growing in a wood lot is fairly straightforward. I’ve still not found any usable for Acoustic guitars. So the black ash has few close neighbors. The wood of Black Ash is relatively soft and flexible. This metallic wood-boring beetle attacks all of Ohio's native ash species, and has no known significant natural enemies in this country. With its black granite top and ultramodern fixtures, it was truly stunning. It’s generally darker than its counterpart – White Ash. Perhaps the most common ash look-alike is Sassafras (Sassafras albidum). Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. It has a medium to coarse texture similar to oak but is almost always straight and regular. According to black ash tree information, the trees grow slowly and develop into tall, slender trees with attractive feather-compound leaves. Few trees, though, can match its aggressiveness in sending out a massive root system. Black ash trees (Fraxinus nigra) are native to the northeast corner of the United States as well as Canada.They grow in wooded swamps and wetlands. Unlike white ash, it has no stem connecting the leaflet to the main stem. The seeds of the Black Ash provide essential food for wild turkeys, grouse and other small mammals. The ash tree symbolizes the World Tree―a tree that joined the three worlds: the underworld, the middle earth, and the spiritual realm. The trees grow in cool and warm climates, on moist, well drained soil, and in areas that provide enough direct sunlight. Native to the northern wetlands, the black ash shares its soggy habitat with other water-loving trees, such as tamarack and black spruce. Learn More. However, the most notable use is its selection as the choice material for making wooden baseball bats. The tree. Has a higher moisture requirement than green ash. In fact, the tree's great demand for water eventually leaves it high and dry. Go purchase The National Audubon Societys Field guide to Trees. Oregon ash has a Janka rating of 1,160, and pumpkin ash … Calculating The Value Of A Woodlot. They are all oval shaped and taper to a slender tip. Green Ash and Black Ash trees are preferentially attacked by the insects, followed by White Ash and Blue Ash. This is a useful property for basket makers. Black Ash trees like to grow in wet areas such as swamps and marshes. Hickory. T he beetles’ larvae bore into a tree and feed on the inner bark, eventually killing the entire tree. Calculating The Value Of A Woodlot Calculating the value of trees growing in a wood lot is fairly straightforward. It seldom reaches over 50 feet (16 m) or a diameter of 1 foot (30 cm). The beetles’ larvae bore into a tree and feed on the inner bark, eventually killing the entire tree. Scrollsaw, Carving, and Decorative Projects, Hardness ratings help you choose the right species, How To Make A Translucent Transom with Veneer, Rip Fence Glides Along Smoothly on Wheels. The killer beetle has made a home in 26 states, two Canadian Providences and is continuing to spread. The wood structure of black ash makes it a great choice for weaving, as it is pliable. Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated as perishable, or only slightly durable in regard to decay. Maine DACF suggests that homeowners not plant these species because EAB will attack trees as small as one inch in diameter. The wood from these oak trees is prized for its strength and density, and that density makes it one of the best at producing heat. Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlandsalso make bark baskets from black ash, traditionally used for be… The black ash has a lifespan of up to a century and does not tolerate shade. Buy Ash Trees to bring an excellent source of shade and a beautiful golden fall color to your yard. Ash is a great craft wood, but best known as the wood of choice for baseball bats. Where can I get some quartered Black Ash? Slightly more upright and often narrower in appearance than green ash. The main types of ash wood you will come across in building, construction and for general human use is wood from the white ash (Fraxinus americana) and the black ash (Fraxinus nigra).There are other species of ash tree as well, including European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia) and Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica). The best-known firewoods are white and red oak trees. This rapidly growing tree is popular for making baseball bats and tool handles do to its strength and flexibility. A large, old growth tree could be worth a million dollars, but the last of these was probably cut down more than 50 years ago. Many aspects of this tree are unknown because it has never been commercially important. Workability: Produces good results with hand or machine tools. What are the current threats? Although never a cherished target of lumbermen because of its comparatively small size, the black ash rates as unique because its dark-brown heartwood occupies nearly the entire girth of its trunk, leaving little room for lighter-colored sapwood. How to identify a Black Ash tree? The largest tree in North Dakota is 66 feet tall with a canopy spread of 34½ feet. Woodworkers like the white ash because it can be bent into various shapes without jeopardizing its strength.The white ash will commonly grow between 70-80 feet tall and likes rich, moist, well drained soils. Ash is divided into two groups -- white and black. Danger in the Forest The Emerald Ash borer as invaded Eastern ash trees, making wood scarcer in those areas and quickly spreading to other parts of North America. It can be easy to mistake an Ash tree for Black Walnut, Maple, Boxelder, Hickory or Dogwood trees. Black Ash has a rich history in the Great North Woods. The wood of the White Ash Tree is used in the making of baseball bats. According to black ash tree information, the trees grow slowly and develop into tall, slender trees with attractive feather-compound leaves. In the northeastern United States, it grows south to Virginia and as far west as Illinois. The wood has been used to make cabinets, veneer, baskets, barrel hoops, and the seats of chairs. I need at least 34″ by 8.5″ and 5/4. Portaging canoeists, hunters, and trappers traditionally hunkered under the load of reliable packbaskets made of "basket" ash. Black Ash is unique among all trees in North America in that it does not have fibers connecting the growth rings to each other. Many offer nice autumn displays as the leaves turn yellow or purple. And in its springtime rush to grow, the tree puts on a layer of large-pored earlywood. The grain is almost always straight and regular, though sometimes curly or figured boards can be found. Black Ash (Fraxinus nigra) General Description A medium to large tree which grows best in bottomlands and other moist areas. Black ash (Fraxinus nigra), a slow-growing tree of northern swampy woodlands, is the only ash native to Newfoundland. this becomes significant. Black Walnut 20.0; Oregon Ash 20.0; Red or White Alder 14.8; and American Aspen 13.7; Ash firewood ranks very well! (This lack of density is favored for use in electric guitar bodies, and the term “Swamp Ash” is used loosely to describe pieces of ash that have low densities and good acoustic properties.). WORKING PROPERTIES Ash machines well, is good in nailing, screwing and … When stained, ash can look very similar to oak (Quercus spp. The degree and availability of light-colored sapwood, and other properties, will vary according to the growing regions. Black Ash Tree Black Ash (Fraxinus nigra. Ash trees belong to the Fraxinus species and grow commonly in cities and forests. Types of Ash Wood 1. Black Ash seeds in the winter. For the same reason, it is used for tool handles, hockey sticks, and canoe paddles. In my opinion, it is the best smoking wood I have ever used. Ash Trees are native to the North American forest and have long been used to make furniture and flooring. ), although oaks have much wider rays, which are visible on all wood surfaces—even on flatsawn surfaces, where they appear as short, thin brown lines between the growth rings. The ash tree stands for strength, which it gets from its strong roots. Northwoods basketmakers know black ash (Fraxinus nigra) well. Flavor wise it is somewhere between oak and hickory. Although never a cherished target of lumbermen because of its comparatively small size, the black ash rates as unique because its dark-brown heartwood occupies nearly the entire girth of its trunk, leaving little room for lighter-colored sapwood. Many mammalian species from meadow voles eating the seeds, white-tailed deer eating the foliage, to silver-haired bats nesting, will also make use of ash trees. Sep 30, 2007. The specific gravity of ash woods ranges from 0.60 for white ash to 0.49 for black ash. And in its springtime rush to grow, the tree puts on a layer of large-pored earlywood. The central stalk of the Black Ash contains 7-11 leaflets that each measure 15-30cm long. © 2020 Meredith Corporation. Green Ash and Black Ash trees are preferentially attacked by the insects, followed by White Ash and Blue Ash. Ash is also not resistant to insect attack. Few trees, though, can match its aggressiveness in sending out a massive root system. Depending on its location, the black ash will reach heights of 12 to 20 meters with a girth up to 50 centimeters. Black ash (Fraxinus nigra) California ash (Fraxinus dipetala) Blue ash (Fraxinus quadrangulata) These types of ash trees tolerate urban pollution and their cultivars are often seen as street trees. The wood ashes of this tree are rich in potash, which is utilised as a soil fertilizer. Allergies/Toxicity: Ash in the Fraxinus genus has been reported to cause skin irritation, and a decrease in lung function. The white ash, also known at the American Biltmore or cane ash, is considered to be the best among the ash species. Method 1 of 2: Comparing Branches 1. The strips are subsequently collected and woven into baskets. You can identify a Black Ash by looking at the leaves, bark and overall shape of the tree. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. The energy content in BTU measures the heat that a certain amount of wood contains. Black ash is a medium-size tree with limited ornamental value but as a native tree it has a wide-ranging wildlife value, and it’s very adaptable to wet locations and moist sites. The color is darker (browner) in black ash than in white ashes. Joined Mar 19, 2005 Messages 2,546 Location North Shore MA. It machines well, accepts stain and dye really well (if that is important to you) and is always available. Oak, Hickory, Black Locust, etc.) The wood from the hickory family of trees, which includes pecan trees, is also very dense and prized for use as firewood, being of similar quality to oak. Ash produces fewer sparks than Black Locust, Hickory, and Mulberry Ash produces worse coals compared with all of the other firewoods in our top tier category (e.g. Black Ash is the tree of choice for pounding of traditional Native American basketry. Adapted to poorly drained and humid soils, it naturally grows in peat … The ash tree is a beautiful, strong tree with more than 60 species found mostly in parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. This tree can grow well in cold and wet locations. Oregon ash has a Janka rating of 1,160, and pumpkin ash rates 990. The Fraxinum genus of plants includes many ash trees, like these 13 species. Swamps occupied for decades by black ash become shallower, creating fertile conditions for successor trees like basswood, elm, and red maple that can't stand getting their "feet" wet. This exotic insect girdles and kills the tree. Sapwood can be very wide, and tends to be a beige or light brown; not always clearly or sharply demarcated from heartwood. In Canada, it can be found from Newfoundland west to Manitoba. Odor: Gives off a distinct, moderately unpleasant smell when being worked. The sapwood has the tendency to be very wide and is usually beige to light brown in color. Great info with excellent bark and leaf pictures for identification. Pricing/Availability: Ash is among the least expensive utility hardwoods available domestically; it should compare similarly to oak in terms of price. The lowest Janka rating for an ash wood is black ash at 850. Its also tied to many legends. Description: Black ash is a slender tree, and does not grow to be as tall as white ash. Green and black ash, sweet gum, silver, and bigleaf maple, red cedar, pineapple, red is equal to 103 liters of liquid fuel ($222) What are the best trees for firewood? The endgrain of the wood is pounded with a mallet—collapsing the weaker earlywood, and liberating the latewood to be peeled off in strips.